Following defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and the British capture of Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, George Washington attempted to gain the initiative. 1. On October 17, 1777, with his troops surrounded and vastly outmanned, British General John Burgoyne surrendered. Washington's surprise attack on the British camp outside Philadelphia initially went well, but fog and confusion helped to turn the tide of battle, forcing another American retreat. This fine Georgian home is the most important surviving landmark of the hard-fought battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777. In this action Washington's army narrowly missed winning a significant victory over a large contingent of the British Army guarding the north western approaches to newly occupied Philadelphia. The event shown in this painting is the surrender of British General John Burgoyne at Saratoga, New York on October 17, 1777. …on October 17, 1777, at Saratoga, he was forced to surrender his army. Asked by Wiki User. Wiki User Answered . Top Answer. General John Burgoyne was a noted 18th century British Army officer who is best remembered for his defeat at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777. 2014-11-15 23:22:34 2014-11-15 23:22:34. First seeing service during the War of the Austrian Succession, he later earned fame as a cavalry officer and leader during the Seven Years' War.In this period, he formed his own cavalry unit and commanded troops in Portugal. Earlier that fall Howe had sailed from New York to Chesapeake Bay, and once ashore he had defeated Washington’s forces at Brandywine Creek on September 11 and occupied the American capital of Philadelphia on September 25.… October 4 – Francis Nash, Continental Army brigadier general, mortally wounded at Battle of Germantown (born c.1742) October 7 – Simon Fraser, British Army general, killed in Battle of Bemis Heights (born 1729 in Scotland) November 10 – Cornstalk (Hokoleskwa), Shawnee chief, murdered (born c.1720) Loss of Forts Mercer and Mifflin (October-November, 1777). October 4, 1777 Following the American defeat at the Battle of Brandywine in September 1777, the British Army captured Philadelphia, the seat of the Continental Congress. The final battle of Saratoga was a major defeat for the British and word of British surrender further rallied troops in the Continental Army and the Militias. Battle of Germantown (October 4, 1777). Paroled along with his troops, he returned to England, where he faced severe criticism. He received that opportunity a week later when British General William Howe divided his army. Fought less than a month after the British victory at the Battle of the Brandywine (September 11), the Battle of Germantown took place on October 4, 1777… Where was he defeated on October 4 1777? b) It was too cold and harsh for the soldiers to survive, and … Answer. Burgoyne's surrender followed battles with American General Horatio Gates near Saratoga in September and October 1777. The Battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777, was intended as revenge, not only for the Continental Army's defeat at Brandywine and Paoli, but also for the subsequent occupation of Philadelphia by the British. The Battle of Germantown took place during the 1777 Philadelphia Campaign of the American Revolution (1775-1783). Exhausting his food and ammunition and receiving no aid from Howe (who chose to fight in Pennsylvania) or St. Leger (who was defeated at Oriskany, New York, and withdrew westward), Burgoyne had to surrender to Gates north of Saratoga Springs on October 17, 1777. b) Why did some American soldiers decide to desert during the winter of 1777-1778 a) To leave without permission.